Skin Pose

Skin

Exercises from the Archive

Self Exercises

Training Archive Preview

Start your free trial to view these additional exercises

Assisted Exercises

Exercises from the Book

Reference material from The Genius of Flexibility by Bob Cooley

Stretch Name Page #
Child Pose 110
Cobra Arch 144
Assisted Thunder 180
Cobra Arch 214

General Characteristics

Meridian Muscle Group (MMG) Information

The Skin MMG is a yang meridian in the upper body, traversing the posterior lateral aspect of the arms.

Skin is balanced by Pericardium, a yin MMG that traverses the anterior medial aspect of the arms.

Organ / Meridian Muscle Group
Skin (SK)
General Bodily Area
Back & Shoulders
Associated Tissue / Functioning
Lymphatic Flow
Associated Bodily System
Organ / Meridian Muscle Group
Skin (SK)
General Bodily Area
Back & Shoulders
Associated Tissue / Functioning
Lymphatic Flow
Associated Bodily System
External Immune, Skin
Kinetic Movement Pattern
Opening

Associated Ailments

Associated Physical Concerns
Elbow, neck
Associated Injuries
Upper back, swimmers shoulder, shoulder external rotation, shoulder dislocation, triceps strain, surfers elbow, forearm strain, head injuries
Physiological Concerns
Skin problems, stress-related health issues, external immune problems, aversion to exercise, lymphatic flow problems, tension in back of shoulder, excessive sweating, rashes, dry skin
Associated Illness and Disease
Skin problems, insomnia, skin problems
Psychological Concerns
Sadistic, stressed

Skin Muscles

pe
Pectoralis Minor, Coracobrachialis, Biceps Brachii, Brachialis, Pronator Teres, Flexor Carpi Radialis, Flexor Digitorum Profundus, Flexor Digitorum Superficialis, Palmaris Longus, Flexor Pollicis Longus, Pronator Quadratus, Flexor Retinaculum, Palmar Interosseous, Lumbricals
SK
PE
BL
PA
LU

The following is a list of muscles associated with the Skin meridian. Note that specific muscles are concomitant with specific meridians while some muscles are associated with several meridians. It is especially important to note that this list was created from: the exact muscles that acupuncture needles puncture through to access individual meridian points; muscles that are along the meridian pathways; muscle group agonist and antagonists; stretching experiences; trigger point theory and practice; muscle synergists.

Major Muscle Groups
Teres major, posterior deltoid, upper trapezius, splenius capitis, sternocleidomastoid, triceps brachii, extensor digitorum communis, extensor pollicis longus, extensor indicis, dorsal interosseous
Associated Muscle Groups
Frontalis, orbicularis oculi
Skin and Pericardium Meridian Muscle Groups

Skin Meridian

Skin and Pericardium Meridians
GB - Gall Bladder LV - Liver LU - Lung LI - Large Intestine ST - Stomach PA - Pancreas HE - Heart SI - Small Intestine BR - Brain SE - Sexual PE - Pericardium SK - Skin BL - Bladder KI - Kidney AP - Appendix TH - Thymus

Meridian Muscle Group Relationships

These are the balancing, opposing, and completing meridian muscle groups for the Skin meridian muscle group (MMG).

Balancing
Completing
Opposing (Superficial)
Opposing (True)

Visualizing Your Muscle Groups

There are a large number of muscles in your body. Is there a way to think about them or visualize them in a way that makes them easy to understand? Of course. Here’s how.

Think of your body as eight cylindrical tubes, four stacked on top of each other, or sixteen half tubes. In your lower and upper body, there are tubes on the front, back, outside, inside and on the four angles in between. Each of those eight cylindrical tubes contain muscles in groups that go from your feet into your trunk and head, or from your arms into your face or trunk. Each of these major muscle group is concomitant with one meridian in TCM.

Balancing Muscle Group

Balancing muscles are located directly through the bone across from each other and have opposite directions of action. In Western anatomy, these same muscles are called agonist and antagonist of one another. Because the sixteen meridian muscle groups balance as eight pairs of muscle groups, they are called Balancing Meridian Muscle Groups. The balancing muscles are dependent on each other to make possible maximum shortening and lengthening movements, because as one side of the body shortens the other lengthens. But because both the strengthening and stretching of any muscle depends on the flexibility of its balancing muscle, the balancing muscle group is always the determining factor in developing the strength and flexibility of the muscle (assuming there is no unusual damage to the muscle group you are trying to strengthen or stretch).

The Skin MMG is a yang meridian in the upper body, traversing the posterior lateral aspect of the arms.

Skin is balanced by Pericardium, a yin MMG that traverses the anterior medial aspect of the arms.

The stretch length of the Skin MMG is limited by its balancing muscle group's ability to shorten (Pericardium). Stretching the balancing muscle group increases its ability to both shorten and lengthen.

The target muscle group (Skin) will stretch more successfully after the balancing muscle group has been stretched. If you still are not making optimal flexibility gains in the Skin MMG, you will need to stretch and strengthen the superficial opposing muscle group (Lung).

Target and Balancing Aspect of Body
Upper
Body
mmg-cylinder-aspect AnteriorMuscleGroup AnteriorMedialMuscleGroup MedialMuscleGroup PosteriorMedialMuscleGroup AnteriorLateralMuscleGroup PosteriorLateralMuscleGroup PosteriorMuscleGroup LateralMuscleGroup
Target and Balancing MMG
Upper
Body
mmg-cylinder-upper Thymus Skin SmallIntestine Lung Appendix Pericardium Heart LargeIntestine

Opposing Muscle Group

The muscles that are perpendicular to one another are called opposing muscle groups (to be distinguished from balancing muscle groups that are located directly through the bone across from each other and have opposite directions of action). The action of opposing muscle groups is surprising. Their level of strength and flexibility govern the proper rotation of the muscle group that you are stretching. If your target muscle being stretched (Skin) does not increase in flexibility by stretching its balancing muscle group (Pericardium), then you'll need to stretch the opposing muscle groups.

Skin is a yang MMG on the back/outside of the arms. Therefore, the opposing muscle groups are yin MMGs on the front/inside of the body.

Stretch the superficial opposing MMG (Lung) to troubleshoot the target muscle group (Skin). Stretch the true opposing MMG (Pancreas) to develop the high personality traits necessary for optimal Skin functioning and development.

Target and
Superficial Opposing MMG
Upper
Body
mmg-cylinder-upper Thymus Skin SmallIntestine Lung Appendix Pericardium Heart LargeIntestine

True Opposing MMG
Lower
Body
mmg-cylinder-lower GallBladder Bladder Brain Pancreas Liver Kidney Sexual Stomach

Completing Muscle Group

Completing muscle groups are the 'top' for lower body muscle groups and the 'bottom' for upper body muscle groups. The Skin MMG traverses the posterior lateral aspect of the arms and its completing MMG, Bladder, traverses the posterior lateral aspect of the legs.

Target MMG
Upper
Body
mmg-cylinder-upper Thymus Skin SmallIntestine Lung Appendix Pericardium Heart LargeIntestine
Completing MMG
Lower
Body
mmg-cylinder-lower GallBladder Bladder Brain Pancreas Liver Kidney Sexual Stomach

Energy Flow Trellis

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), energy flows from one meridian muscle pathway to the next in a very specific order. In TCM this order is called the 'energy cycle'. This order is determined by the depth of the muscles in the body and begins with the muscles associated with the gall bladder, with the next always being its balancing muscle group, in this case liver, and then on through all the rest. The cycle always includes two lower body, then two upper body meridian muscle groups (MMG), and then repeats two more of each. Ultimately all 16 have been completed.

In the energy trellis diagram, the horizontal pairs are balancing organs in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and they are also balancing muscle groups. The diagram also houses other secrets about the interrelationships of muscles, organs, and personalities. The MMGs directly above and below each other are completing meridian muscle groups, the same muscle groups above and below in your body. The MMGs diagonal from each other are superficial opposing meridian muscle groups. The superficial opposing muscle group's completing muscle group is the true opposing muscle group.

flow-trellis Energy Flow Trellis
Reference Material from The Genius of Flexibility
The Energy Flow Cycle — page 51
The Interrelationships Among Meridians and Muscles — page 55
Balancing Asymmetries: Keeping Yourself in Line — page 239
Keep Both Sides Satisfied — page 242
Troubleshooting Principles — page 252

Skin Personality Type

The Genius of Athleticism and Community

High and Low Personality Traits

High Psychological Traits
Athletic
Risk taking, lucky, stylish, restful, vigorous, revering, community connected
Low Psychological Traits
Sadistic
Stressed, duplicitous, antisocial, violent, mean, intimidating, lying, obnoxious, loud, enslaving
High Emotional Traits
Community
I include others in what I do.
Low Emotional Traits
Defensive
I usually feel attacked.
High Spiritual Traits
Conscionable
I relate to others with conscience.
Low Spiritual Traits
Unconscionable
I have no remorse.

Personality Group: Physical

Instinct
Anger / Love
Time Reference
Present
Awareness
Awake / Asleep
Function
Active Function

...learn more at the16geniuses.com

wheel The Genius of Flexibility
SK