Liver Pose

Liver

Exercises from the Archive

Exercises from the Book

Reference material from The Genius of Flexibility by Bob Cooley

Stretch Name Page #
Lateral Bend 90
Sliding Side Split 124
Assisted Sidward Thigh Opener 160
Seated Lateral Bend 194

General Characteristics

Meridian Muscle Group (MMG) Information

The Liver MMG is a yin meridian in the lower body, traversing the medial aspect of the legs and thighs.

Liver is balanced by Gall Bladder, a yang MMG that traverses the lateral aspect of the legs and thighs.

Organ / Meridian Muscle Group
Liver (LV)
General Bodily Area
Inner Thighs / Adductors
Associated Tissue / Functioning
Tendons
Associated Bodily System
Organ / Meridian Muscle Group
Liver (LV)
General Bodily Area
Inner Thighs / Adductors
Associated Tissue / Functioning
Tendons
Associated Bodily System
Digestive
Kinetic Movement Pattern
Turning Inward

Associated Ailments

Associated Physical Concerns
Bunions, elbow, hip, knee, low back pain, sciatica, scoliosis
Associated Injuries
Iliotibial strain, gluteal strain, adductor groin strain, hamstring strain, hamstring tendon, anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, ankle sprain, ankle instability, bunions, low back, mid back, golfers elbow, forearm strain, carpal tunnel
Physiological Concerns
Vision problems, hypochondriacal anxieties, tendon problems, toxicity, jaundice
Associated Illness and Disease
Liver problems, prostate problems
Psychological Concerns
Anxious, codependent, overdependent

Liver Muscles

gb
Tensor Fascia Lata, Iliotibial Band, Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Minimus, Vastus Lateralis, Peroneus Longus, Peroneus Brevis, Interosseus Dorsalis
External Oblique, Internal Oblique, Pectoralis Major, Trapezius, Upper Trapezius, Sternocleidomastoid, Capitis, Frontalis, Temporalis, Occipitalis
LV
GB
AP
SI
BR

The following is a list of muscles associated with the Liver meridian. Note that specific muscles are concomitant with specific meridians while some muscles are associated with several meridians. It is especially important to note that this list was created from: the exact muscles that acupuncture needles puncture through to access individual meridian points; muscles that are along the meridian pathways; muscle group agonist and antagonists; stretching experiences; trigger point theory and practice; muscle synergists.

Major Muscle Groups
Adductor longus, gracilis, adductor brevis, semimembranosus, soleus, gastrocnemius, tibialis posterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis brevis
Associated Muscle Groups
External oblique, internal oblique
Liver and Gall Bladder Meridian Muscle Groups

Liver Meridian

Liver and Gall Bladder Meridians
GB - Gall Bladder LV - Liver LU - Lung LI - Large Intestine ST - Stomach PA - Pancreas HE - Heart SI - Small Intestine BR - Brain SE - Sexual PE - Pericardium SK - Skin BL - Bladder KI - Kidney AP - Appendix TH - Thymus

Meridian Muscle Group Relationships

These are the balancing, opposing, and completing meridian muscle groups for the Liver meridian muscle group (MMG).

Balancing
Completing
Opposing (Superficial)
Opposing (True)

Visualizing Your Muscle Groups

There are a large number of muscles in your body. Is there a way to think about them or visualize them in a way that makes them easy to understand? Of course. Here’s how.

Think of your body as eight cylindrical tubes, four stacked on top of each other, or sixteen half tubes. In your lower and upper body, there are tubes on the front, back, outside, inside and on the four angles in between. Each of those eight cylindrical tubes contain muscles in groups that go from your feet into your trunk and head, or from your arms into your face or trunk. Each of these major muscle group is concomitant with one meridian in TCM.

Balancing Muscle Group

Balancing muscles are located directly through the bone across from each other and have opposite directions of action. In Western anatomy, these same muscles are called agonist and antagonist of one another. Because the sixteen meridian muscle groups balance as eight pairs of muscle groups, they are called Balancing Meridian Muscle Groups. The balancing muscles are dependent on each other to make possible maximum shortening and lengthening movements, because as one side of the body shortens the other lengthens. But because both the strengthening and stretching of any muscle depends on the flexibility of its balancing muscle, the balancing muscle group is always the determining factor in developing the strength and flexibility of the muscle (assuming there is no unusual damage to the muscle group you are trying to strengthen or stretch).

The Liver MMG is a yin meridian in the lower body, traversing the medial aspect of the legs and thighs.

Liver is balanced by Gall Bladder, a yang MMG that traverses the lateral aspect of the legs and thighs.

The stretch length of the Liver MMG is limited by its balancing muscle group's ability to shorten (Gall Bladder). Stretching the balancing muscle group increases its ability to both shorten and lengthen.

The target muscle group (Liver) will stretch more successfully after the balancing muscle group has been stretched. If you still are not making optimal flexibility gains in the Liver MMG, you will need to stretch and strengthen the superficial opposing muscle group (Brain).

Target and Balancing Aspect of Body
Lower
Body
mmg-cylinder-aspect AnteriorMuscleGroup AnteriorMedialMuscleGroup MedialMuscleGroup PosteriorMedialMuscleGroup AnteriorLateralMuscleGroup PosteriorLateralMuscleGroup PosteriorMuscleGroup LateralMuscleGroup
Target and Balancing MMG
Lower
Body
mmg-cylinder-lower GallBladder Bladder Brain Pancreas Liver Kidney Sexual Stomach

Opposing Muscle Group

The muscles that are perpendicular to one another are called opposing muscle groups (to be distinguished from balancing muscle groups that are located directly through the bone across from each other and have opposite directions of action). The action of opposing muscle groups is surprising. Their level of strength and flexibility govern the proper rotation of the muscle group that you are stretching. If your target muscle being stretched (Liver) does not increase in flexibility by stretching its balancing muscle group (Gall Bladder), then you'll need to stretch the opposing muscle groups.

Liver is a yin MMG on the front/inside of the legs and thighs. Therefore, the opposing muscle groups are yang MMGs on the back/outside of the body.

Stretch the superficial opposing MMG (Brain) to troubleshoot the target muscle group (Liver). Stretch the true opposing MMG (Small Intestine) to develop the high personality traits necessary for optimal Liver functioning and development.


True Opposing MMG
Upper
Body
mmg-cylinder-upper Thymus Skin SmallIntestine Lung Appendix Pericardium Heart LargeIntestine
Target and
Superficial Opposing MMG
Lower
Body
mmg-cylinder-lower GallBladder Bladder Brain Pancreas Liver Kidney Sexual Stomach

Completing Muscle Group

Completing muscle groups are the 'top' for lower body muscle groups and the 'bottom' for upper body muscle groups. The Liver MMG traverses the medial aspect of the legs and its completing MMG, Appendix, traverses the medial aspect of the arms.

Completing MMG
Upper
Body
mmg-cylinder-upper Thymus Skin SmallIntestine Lung Appendix Pericardium Heart LargeIntestine
Target MMG
Lower
Body
mmg-cylinder-lower GallBladder Bladder Brain Pancreas Liver Kidney Sexual Stomach

Energy Flow Trellis

In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), energy flows from one meridian muscle pathway to the next in a very specific order. In TCM this order is called the 'energy cycle'. This order is determined by the depth of the muscles in the body and begins with the muscles associated with the gall bladder, with the next always being its balancing muscle group, in this case liver, and then on through all the rest. The cycle always includes two lower body, then two upper body meridian muscle groups (MMG), and then repeats two more of each. Ultimately all 16 have been completed.

In the energy trellis diagram, the horizontal pairs are balancing organs in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and they are also balancing muscle groups. The diagram also houses other secrets about the interrelationships of muscles, organs, and personalities. The MMGs directly above and below each other are completing meridian muscle groups, the same muscle groups above and below in your body. The MMGs diagonal from each other are superficial opposing meridian muscle groups. The superficial opposing muscle group's completing muscle group is the true opposing muscle group.

flow-trellis Energy Flow Trellis
Reference Material from The Genius of Flexibility
The Energy Flow Cycle — page 51
The Interrelationships Among Meridians and Muscles — page 55
Balancing Asymmetries: Keeping Yourself in Line — page 239
Keep Both Sides Satisfied — page 242
Troubleshooting Principles — page 252

Liver Personality Type

The Genius of Freedom and Giving

High and Low Personality Traits

High Psychological Traits
Freedom
Liberated, unrepressed, free-spirited, humble, proud, helpful, giving, independent
Low Psychological Traits
Codependency
Overly helpful, stuck, denying, irritable, frustrated
High Emotional Traits
Helpful
I take pride in helping others.
Low Emotional Traits
Denial
I repress my own desires.
High Spiritual Traits
Freedom
I am exempt and live freely.
Low Spiritual Traits
Codependency
I am overly helpful to others.

Personality Group: Emotional

Instinct
Excited / Anxious
Time Reference
Past
Awareness
Conscious / Unconscious
Function
Retroactive

...learn more at the16geniuses.com

wheel The Genius of Flexibility
LV